ARI Radio Programs

Follow us Follow us Follow us Follow us WhatsAPP us




Research Articles

 

FCTC Secretariat relaunches plan for accelerated tobacco control, Part II: A case study (January 25, 2021)
In Part I, I discussed failures in the implementation of the Global Strategy to Accelerate Tobacco Control 2019-2025 (GS2025). As that post indicates, there are many factors contributing to shortcomings on this front. In the current piece, I focus on one where a country, Thailand, which, in my opinion, is still facing challenges in reducing smoking rates despite putting in place policies as outlined in GS2025. Click for detail

FCTC Secretariat relaunches plan for accelerated tobacco control, Part II: A case study

It's Time for America to Reclaim its Role in Global Health Leadership. (January 25, 2021)
For decades, the US was a leader in global health. It played a key role in establishing the World Health Organization (WHO), steered the eradication of diseases like smallpox, and guided the development of innumerable standards that underpin modern health policy. Then came the Trump Presidency. Over the past four years, and particularly throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the administration repeatedly failed to embrace sound health policy, to disastrous effect. The election of Joe Biden must bring about a reversal of these failures. Click for detail

It's Time for America to Reclaim its Role in Global Health Leadership.

Perspectives regarding the Report on the Tenth Meeting of the WHO (January 25, 2021)
Perspectives regarding the Report on the Tenth Meeting of the WHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation to be considered at the 148th session of the Executive Board of the World Health Organization. Click for detail

Perspectives regarding the Report on the Tenth Meeting of the WHO

Accelerating change: foundation blog (December 23, 2020)
It was an era in which we became accustomed to daily death tolls broadcast on TV; work, school, and play shifted to virtual space; and masks served as both a life-saving accessory and confounding controversy. On many fronts, the era was marked by despair, not only from the virus proper, but also from the isolation. Click for detail

Accelerating change: foundation blog

FCTC Secretariat relaunches plan for accelerated tobacco control, highlighting WHO's bureaucratic inaction (December 17, 2020)
In 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted the Global Strategy to Accelerate Tobacco Control 2019-2025 (GS2025). Described as "a blueprint for the global tobacco control community," this strategy sought to accelerate implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Two years later, one cannot help but notice the absence of any report on progress toward this goal-an absence that was made all the more glaring when the WHO relaunched GS2025 last month. Intended to coincide with what would have been the Ninth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the FCTC (COP9), this relaunch only highlighted ongoing failures in policy implementation. Click for detail

FCTC Secretariat relaunches plan for accelerated tobacco control, highlighting WHO's bureaucratic inaction

The Birth of Harm Reduction Informs the World's Need for Safer Nicotine (November 07, 2020)
Early in 1987 the Conservative government took the radical decision to provide sterile injecting equipment to people who inject in response to the HIV crisis. Only a few months before, it had run an anti-heroin campaign. Now it was giving out free syringes. Click for detail

The Birth of Harm Reduction Informs the World's Need for Safer Nicotine

Tobacco Regulation: Who is Getting It Right? (September 30, 2020)
I recently addressed the 2020 GTNF conference on the topic of "who is getting tobacco regulation right?". My answer was blunt: at present, very few! If we were, we would not have eight million deaths a year from tobacco use. Nor would we have 1.3 billion people still using tobacco products, most in a toxic combustible or dangerous smokeless form. The goal of a regulator should be primarily to reduce that harm in the fastest possible time. Sadly, this isn't the case today. Click for detail

Tobacco Regulation: Who is Getting It Right?

State ownership of tobacco companies and the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (September 22, 2020)
The focus of this report is on the contradictions and conflicts experienced by governments that own major stakes in tobacco companies, yet are required to support tobacco control at the same time because they are signatories to the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The broader tobacco control environment is not covered by the report, although the context is important. Click for detail

State ownership of tobacco companies and the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

Focusing on recent publication of Gaiha et al. (September 17, 2020)
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is a challenge for the scientific community to publish results quickly, and publication often occurs at the price of quality and reproducibility, which in turn undermines the public's trust of science. Click for detail

Focusing on recent publication of Gaiha et al.

Government intervention in the market for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). The known, the unknown and the challenges (September 08, 2020)
ENDS are considerably less harmful than cigarettes. Imposing the same tax burden on them (per unit of "harm") as on cigarettes leads to poorer health outcomes. Differential tax treatment of ENDS will encourage more cigarette smokers to switch to ENDS and could save millions of lives worldwide. Click for detail

Government intervention in the market for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). The known, the unknown and the challenges

Overcoming barriers to disseminate effective smoking cessation treatments globally (September 08, 2020)
Major gaps remain in cessation products' availability and resource allocation for cessation services globally. Current licensed products are falling short on delivering and sustaining smoking cessation. Innovation in cessation products and services needs to build on learnings in nicotine pharmacokinetics, behavioural insights from consumer research and tap into 21st century tools such as mobile based apps. National implementation of FCTC's Article 14 needs to follow guidelines that encourage integration into existing health programmes and health-care practitioners' (HCPs) upskilling. Click for detail

Overcoming barriers to disseminate effective smoking cessation treatments globally

Perceptions of nicotine in current and former users of tobacco and tobacco harm reduction products from seven countries (September 08, 2020)
This study specifically assessed public perceptions of nicotine as opposed to products containing nicotine, which is the focus of previous studies. Apart from showing that consumers often incorrectly perceive nicotine and cigarettes as similar in terms of harmfulness, the authors highlight the need for more accurate and complete reporting by the media to clarify widespread misunderstandings and mitigate public uncertainty. Click for detail

Perceptions of nicotine in current and former users of tobacco and tobacco harm reduction products from seven countries

Goodbye Nicky hello Goldie - exploring the opportunities for transitioning tobacco farmers into cannabis production in Malawi (September 08, 2020)
The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the opportunities for tobacco farmers in Malawi from diversifying to cannabis, and the potential benefits for reducing deforestation by producing a cannabis based alternative fuel. It further argues that there are tensions between the conflicting objectives of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. Click for detail

Goodbye Nicky hello Goldie - exploring the opportunities for transitioning tobacco farmers into cannabis production in Malawi

اردو مضامین



ترک سگریٹ نوشی کی مخالفت کیوں؟، ارشد رضوی


پاکستان سن 2002 میں ورلڈ ہیلتھ آرگنائزیشن ( ڈبلیو ایچ او ) کے فریم ورک کنوینشن آن ٹوبیکو کنٹرول (FCTC) کا رکن بنا تھا، تب سے اب ( 2023 ) تک اکیس سال گزر چکے ہیں پاکستان (اور دنیا بھر) میں سگریٹ نوشوں میں اضافہ ہی ہوا ہے۔ ایک رائے کے مطابق دو کروڑ نوے لاکھ ( 29,000,000 ) جبکہ بعض رپورٹس تین کروڑ دس لاکھ ( 31,000,000 ) سگریٹ نوشوں کی موجودگی کی بات کرتی ہیں، اگر پچیس کروڑ کی آبادی مان لی جائے تو پاکستان میں 12 فیصد آبادی تمباکو استعمال کرتی ہے۔


ترک سگریٹ نوشی میں مدد گار متبادل، ارشد رضوی


سگریٹ یا تمباکو نوشی کے نقصان دہ اثرات کے بارے میں ستر سال قبل ہونے والی ایک سٹڈ ی میں بتایا گیا تھاتب سے اب تک دنیا میں کروڑوں لوگ تمباکو سے متعلق بیماریوں کے باعث موت کی تاریک وادی میں جا چکے ہیں


صحت، تمباکو اور ریونیو، ارشد رضوی


تمباکو نوشی کا انسان سے رشتہ بہت پرانا ہے۔ تمباکو اور اس سے متعلق مصنوعات کی طویل تاریخ ہے جو 6000سال قبل مسیح میں ملتی ہے۔مقامی امریکیوں کے بارے میں کہا جاتا ہے کہ انہوں نے پہلے تمباکو کی کاشت شروع کی اور یہ 6000سال قبل مسیح میں ہی ہوا۔


انسانی صحت اور عالمی ادارہ صحت، ارشد رضوی


اگر عالمی ادارہ صحت کچھ مختلف طرزِ عمل اختیار نہیں کرتا اور تمباکو پالیسی میں جدّت کو قبول نہیں کرتاتو ادارہ دل، کینسر اور پھیپھڑوں کے امراض میں کمی کے اہداف کے حصول میں بہت پیچھے رہ جائے گا۔


جو فرد سگریٹ نوشی ترک کرنا چاہتا ہے اس کی نیکوٹین کی طلب اور نفسیات کو سامنے رکھتے ہوئے کونسلنگ کی ضرورت ہے، ڈاکٹر احسن لطیف


اگر ہم چاہتے ہیں کہ سگریٹ نوشی ختم ہو جائے تو سگریٹ پینے والوں کواس بارے میں تمام بحث میں سب سے آگے ہونا چاہئے تاکہ وہ اپنی ضرورتوں کا خیال رکھ سکیں۔


ما قبل کورونا اور ما بعد، ارشد رضوی


کورونا کے مابعد اثرات میں ایک خوفناک ترین اثر بڑے پیمانے پر دنیا کی آبادی کے ایک بڑے حصے کا خطِ غربت سے نیچے گِرنے کا اندیشہ ہے جس کے نتیجے میں بے روزگاری اور غربت میں غیر معمولی اضافہ ہو گا۔





OUR PROJECTS

Pakistan is a country with heavy use of tobacco. With more than 24 million...

Read More

OUR PUBLICATIONS

KAP Study: This study explores the knowledge, attitude, and practices...

Read More

RESEARCH ARTICLES

The Birth of Harm Reduction Informs the World's Need for Safer Nicotine...

Read More

WHAT WE DO?

Alternative Research Initiative (ARI) works to provide researched-based solutions...

Read More