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Research Articles


Cigarette and ENDS dual use longitudinal transitions among adults in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, Waves 4-5 (2016-2019) (April 19, 2024)

A study by Dr Eva Sharma has found that dual, daily use of ENDS and traditional cigarettes led to reduced cigarette smoking compared with non-daily ENDS use, suggesting a role for ENDS in smoking cessation

Cigarette and ENDS dual use longitudinal transitions among adults in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, Waves 4-5 (2016-2019)

E-cigarettes and harm reduction: An evidence review (April 19, 2024)

A new reported published by the Royal College of Physicians (RCP) looks at the part e-cigarettes can play in preventing death, disability and inequalities from tobacco use.

E-cigarettes and harm reduction: An evidence review

ARI Newsletter February 2024 (April 01, 2024)

Syed Yawar, 35, a manager in a private firm, started smoking in 2009. Hooked to the habit, he was smoking a packet of 20 cigarettes a day. However, this also brought cough attacks, chest infection and shortness of breath. In the meantime, like all adult smokers in Pakistan, Yawar made quitting attempts but could not give up smoking.

ARI Newsletter February 2024

ARI Newsletter January 2024 (March 26, 2024)
In my 36 years of fghting the smoking epidemic, one of the most important lessons I've learned is that there is no single action that supports all adults who smoke trying to quit. One size does not at all. I am heartened that tobacco use remains a key priority for global health leaders, as evidenced by the tenth meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP10) last week. Leaders from the 168 countries that have signed the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) spent five days discussing the best practices to lower smoking rates from a top-down policy approach.

ARI Newsletter January 2024

Tobacco harm control (March 01, 2024)

As in the rest of the world, approaches to effective tobacco control have faltered in Pakistan. Currently tobacco control efforts are at a standstill. Globally, the World Health Organisation estimates 8.5 million tobacco-related deaths annually. These tobacco-related deaths are projected to increase to 10 million every year before registering a decrease.

Tobacco harm control

ARI Newsletter November 2023 (December 21, 2023)

Muhammad Haider Mehmood, 26, a media monitor, started smoking back in 2015. He was soon addicted to the habit of using 20 cigarettes a day. His health started deteriorating as smoking resulted in chronic health issues. "I am suffering from hypertension and breathing issues because of smoking," he told Alternative Research Initiative (ARI) in Blue Area, Islamabad. He tried many times to quit smoking but he was unable to do so. "I could not give up," he added.

ARI Newsletter November 2023

ARI Newsletter October 2023 (December 06, 2023)

Ahmed Ali, 33, a MBBS student, started smoking in 2017. He became addicted to smoking as he gradually increased the consumption of cigarettes and started more than 20 cigarettes a day. Consequently, his health deteriorated. "I have health issues like acidity, cough attacks and an upset stomach." He toldthe Alternative Research Initiative (ARI), in an interview at Jinnah Super Market, Islamabad. He tried to quit smoking. For this, he has given a chance to Velo but the product has not helped him. Further, he noticed that it has serious side effects on health. "By using Velo, I became a diarrhea patient and have continued stomach issues."

ARI Newsletter October 2023

ARI Newsletter September 2023 (November 05, 2023)

Azhar Bilal, 45, a civil engineer, started smoking back in 1997. Young and energetic, Bilal was hooked to the habit as he started more than 20 cigarettes a day. This resulted in severe cough attacks. "I would have these attacks in the night," he told Alternative Research Initiative (ARI) in an interview on phone from Lahore. However, he continued to smoke combustible cigarettes. "I simply could not give up." He went to Dubai for a job but was unable to quit smoking.

ARI Newsletter September 2023

A risky exclusion (October 22, 2023)

The tenth session of the Conference of Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, along with the third session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products, will be held in Panama next month. The tenth session of COP will be held from November 15 to 20 while the MOP3 will be held from November 27 to 30.

A risky exclusion

E-cigarettes are not a gateway into smoking (September 25, 2023)

The most comprehensive study to date investigating whether e-cigarettes are a gateway into or out of smoking finds that, at the population level, there is no sign that e-cigarettes and other alternative nicotine delivery products promote smoking.

E-cigarettes are not a gateway into smoking

ARI Newsletter August 2023 (September 14, 2023)

It has been scientifically proven that the alternative products - E-cigarettes, snus, nicotine pouches and heat-not-burn - are less harmful than combustible smoking and can be used as effective smoking cessation aid. But it is so unfortunate that the misleading information and a prohibitionist approach towards the alternatives are the stumbling blocks in efforts to end combustible smoking.

ARI Newsletter August 2023

ARI Newsletter July 2023 (August 17, 2023)

Nearly 80% of doctors worldwide mistakenly believe nicotine causes lung cancer, thwarting efforts to hold one billion smokers quit, according to a survey conducted in 11 countries. The survey of 15000 doctors in 11 countries - China, Germany, Greece, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Japan, South Africa, UK, and the US - has been conducted by Sermo and funded by the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World. The survey is aimed at developing actionable insights for accelerating an end to smoking.

ARI Newsletter July 2023

ARI Newsletter June 2023 (Muly 14, 2023)
It has now been almost two decades Pakistan ratified the WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).Pakistan may have achieved some successes against tobacco use over the past 20 years, the dream of a future without tobacco smoking remains distant.

ARI Newsletter June 2023

اردو مضامین

ترک سگریٹ نوشی کی مخالفت کیوں؟، ارشد رضوی

پاکستان سن 2002 میں ورلڈ ہیلتھ آرگنائزیشن ( ڈبلیو ایچ او ) کے فریم ورک کنوینشن آن ٹوبیکو کنٹرول (FCTC) کا رکن بنا تھا، تب سے اب ( 2023 ) تک اکیس سال گزر چکے ہیں پاکستان (اور دنیا بھر) میں سگریٹ نوشوں میں اضافہ ہی ہوا ہے۔ ایک رائے کے مطابق دو کروڑ نوے لاکھ ( 29,000,000 ) جبکہ بعض رپورٹس تین کروڑ دس لاکھ ( 31,000,000 ) سگریٹ نوشوں کی موجودگی کی بات کرتی ہیں، اگر پچیس کروڑ کی آبادی مان لی جائے تو پاکستان میں 12 فیصد آبادی تمباکو استعمال کرتی ہے۔

ترک سگریٹ نوشی میں مدد گار متبادل، ارشد رضوی

سگریٹ یا تمباکو نوشی کے نقصان دہ اثرات کے بارے میں ستر سال قبل ہونے والی ایک سٹڈ ی میں بتایا گیا تھاتب سے اب تک دنیا میں کروڑوں لوگ تمباکو سے متعلق بیماریوں کے باعث موت کی تاریک وادی میں جا چکے ہیں

صحت، تمباکو اور ریونیو، ارشد رضوی

تمباکو نوشی کا انسان سے رشتہ بہت پرانا ہے۔ تمباکو اور اس سے متعلق مصنوعات کی طویل تاریخ ہے جو 6000سال قبل مسیح میں ملتی ہے۔مقامی امریکیوں کے بارے میں کہا جاتا ہے کہ انہوں نے پہلے تمباکو کی کاشت شروع کی اور یہ 6000سال قبل مسیح میں ہی ہوا۔

انسانی صحت اور عالمی ادارہ صحت، ارشد رضوی

اگر عالمی ادارہ صحت کچھ مختلف طرزِ عمل اختیار نہیں کرتا اور تمباکو پالیسی میں جدّت کو قبول نہیں کرتاتو ادارہ دل، کینسر اور پھیپھڑوں کے امراض میں کمی کے اہداف کے حصول میں بہت پیچھے رہ جائے گا۔

جو فرد سگریٹ نوشی ترک کرنا چاہتا ہے اس کی نیکوٹین کی طلب اور نفسیات کو سامنے رکھتے ہوئے کونسلنگ کی ضرورت ہے، ڈاکٹر احسن لطیف

اگر ہم چاہتے ہیں کہ سگریٹ نوشی ختم ہو جائے تو سگریٹ پینے والوں کواس بارے میں تمام بحث میں سب سے آگے ہونا چاہئے تاکہ وہ اپنی ضرورتوں کا خیال رکھ سکیں۔

ما قبل کورونا اور ما بعد، ارشد رضوی

کورونا کے مابعد اثرات میں ایک خوفناک ترین اثر بڑے پیمانے پر دنیا کی آبادی کے ایک بڑے حصے کا خطِ غربت سے نیچے گِرنے کا اندیشہ ہے جس کے نتیجے میں بے روزگاری اور غربت میں غیر معمولی اضافہ ہو گا۔


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Alternative Research Initiative (ARI) works to provide researched-based solutions...

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